Early Years Foundation Stage

The Early Years Foundation Stage is the first part of the National Curriculum, focusing on the distinct needs of children from birth to the end of the Reception year in Primary school.

The 7 areas of learning in this stage are:

Prime-areas are fundamental, work together, and move through to support development in all other areas.

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development
  • Communication and Language
  • Physical Development

Specific-areas include essential skills and knowledge for children to participate successfully in society.

  • Expressive Arts and Design
  • Mathematics
  • Understanding the World
  • Literacy

You can find out more about how I help your child to achieve the necessary learning skills for each of the 7 areas of learning by following the links below.

Personal, social and emotional development

item1This involves children’s dispositions, attitudes, self-esteem and confidence. This may be the first time your child has spent time away from home. I will help your child to take their first steps toward independence in a warm and secure environment. Helping themaboutme4 to make relationships, control their own behaviour, self-care and developing a sense of community.

Gradually, IMG0473Children are encouraged to work as individuals and together as groups. They are encouraged to express their feelings with words. (Bearing in mind age and stage of child).

Language, literacy and communication

item2This covers all the forms of communication such as language for communication and for thinking; linking sounds and letters; reading, writing and handwriting.allaboutme5

Stories are read to the children each day and time is allowed for them to look at books. I have a good supply of books and we go to the library every P1010068Monday to read other variety of books.

Age and stage, children are encouraged to recognise letters.




Physical development

item3In my care, I offer children a wide range of activities to develop their fine and gross motor skills. A walk to the playground in the park gives children space to enjoy and have fun and to interact with others and learn awareness of other people’s space. At home Children have access to an enclosed garden where they are encouraged to do a wide range of activities, i.e. obstacle courses, playing football, skipping, and bike / tricycle riding, throwing and catching. They handle small objects such as puzzles, scissors and pegs. They smear or daub paint. They draw allaboutme6or paint in circular and horizontal motions etc. A selection of malleable and messy is also on offered every day. Regular visits to local children centre including Outdoor play. Working with clay, play dough, sand and water encourages the development of a child’s gross motor skills as well as the use of large areas to paint, crayon and chalk. includes a comprehensive selection of ride-on toys, carts, pushchairs and IMG2012020101125buggies, double chariots and double bikes, balls to catch, kick and throw and lines to balance on and follow. The outside toys are another means of learning to share and take turns. The children are encouraged from their first music and movement session to develop their music ability, rhythm and movement control.


item4Every day, I involve mathematics in whatever we happen to be doing. So, for example, at snack time, I would encourage counting out the fruits and discuss what shape the toast is; we chat about how many blocks make up the tallest castle, bus numbers, and door numbers and make guesses as to how many small jugs of water are needed to fill one big bucket.

IMG2012062002076Counting and recognising the numbers 1-10 is of primary importance. We have focussed activities which help children to develop their own awareness of this. Number work is also included in the use of songs and rhymes, telling the time, blocks, number cards, puzzles and board games.IMG2012062702130

They compare, sort, match, order, sequence and count using everyday objects.

They recognise and use numbers to 10 and are familiar with larger numbers from their everyday lives.

They begin to use their developing mathematical understanding to solve practical problems.

Through practical activities children understand and record numbers, begin to show awareness of number operations, such as addition and subtraction and begin to use the language involved.

Understanding of the world

item5Learning to appreciate the wonders of the world as well as our reasons for talking and thinking about them is of paramount importance in this day and age. Children can develop these by exploration and investigation. They are encouraged to design and make things using many materials. They will gain awareness of ICT, time (past, now and future), of places and communities outside of their own world.

IMG2012070402146We (children, parents myself) talk about families, past and present events in their lives and look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change. Seeds are planted in the garden by the children we observe this and compare to our growth as the seasons progress. Children have access to computer &I.C.T equipment’s. I aim to stimulate the children’s curiosity about their surroundings and give them practical experiences to increase their understanding. Within the termly topics the children have the opportunity to learn about their personal and wider environment. Topics, such as growing and traveling.

IMG2012070602169The children are regularly taken on walks to explore the different seasons. This provides rich opportunities to discuss nature and growth and enables collections relevant to the seasons to be made. Daily observations of the change in the weather are made. Children will have early scientific experiences through practical activities such as playing with sand and water, using equipment such as magnifying glasses and weighing scales and going on nature walks. This opens the way for discussion and investigation of the world around them. They also enjoy regular opportunities to take part in cooking etc.

Expressive Arts and Design

item6This covers a multitude of ideas including how children express and communicate ideas. They can explore all sorts of media (e.g. ICT, music) and materials. They will also develop their imagination through play. Throughout these early years of education children will learn to express themselves through experimenting with a variety of materials and techniques such as painting, printing, model making, drawing and sticking. Music and movement feature largely here .We have a collection of instruments which the children can access all the time; they play singing games, musical chairs, bumps and statues, learn to dance in time to the music and have a wonderful band! item7Music is one very good way of bringing children out of themselves. It encourages social behaviour, forming their own little circles when they dance, and helps them make friends. IMG2012020301160Imaginative play takes place daily in setting & centres through a variety of play situations, but particularly in the home corner which changes half termly into for example, a café, beauty salon, hospital or veterinary surgery. This type of play stimulates a young child’s imagination and gives them the opportunity to communicate their feelings.


  • Read books and tell stories – I have a large selection of books
  • Role play/dressing up – variety of clothing and role play toys
  • Jigsaw puzzles – large selection boxed and wooden
  • Games – age appropriate variety
  • Lego Duplo
  • Train track – large box
  • Farm
  • Dolls and pram
  • Car mat, garage and various vehicles
  • Craft activities -colouring, painting, sticking
  • Play dough
  • Baking
  • Musical instruments
  • Tents


Visits include trips to:

  • Library – books and activities
  • Park
  • Children Centres
  • Feeding the ducks
  • Shops
  • Zoo
  • Museum

If you have any questions about the EYFS I will be happy to discuss them with you or signpost you to the right person or site.






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